In wooden floors, the top layer of wood is worn away, using sandpaper, in order to remove a stained and damaged surface. The process allows the fresher, newer wood, that sits below the surface to be revealed. The professional way is to use a dust free belt sander which removes the majority of sawdust as it is created, thus keeping the room in question cleaner and helping to create an even result.
Certain wood finishes can clog the abrasive material used to strip the wood back and so this has to be removed first to improve results. Sanding is not of course the only treatment needed on old wooden floors. Sometimes a floor will have been badly pitted, or split and need filling. Floorboards or parquet may be broken or missing and need replacement and repair before the floor can be sanded. In addition, some floorboards have large or unsightly gaps that need filling before the floor is finished and different techniques may be used if appropriate, to achieve this where possible. If a floor has repairs, care must also be taken to replace the wood with an appropriate wood and pattern, or the end result will be affected. For best results the wood types will be matched and similar age wood replacements used to fill gaps if deemed necessary by us.
Once a floor has been repaired and sanded, various finishes are available to protect the newly exposed wood and help keep the flooring in good order.